My final year project !! Production of activated carbon from palm oil shell

January 13, 2011 iPai 11 Comments

Salam

Hye !! Sorry guys. I'm too buzy with my schedule. Even, my plan to tell you guys about my trip to Langkawi, have to postpone to future time that I have not decide yet.

Too many things to do, my final year project, classes, small project and of course my plant design project. I would say, the  fouth year is the worst year I have been through. Even for me who really busy with curicular activities, this is the worst time I ever had.

So, I would tell you a bit about my final year project, entitled, (er not really a title but eventually you will get the general idea of it) Production of Activated Carbon from Palm oil Shell.

For explanation you just can refer the picture below for better understanding.

Source: ayimpex.com
This is the palm kernel oil. The palm fruit.


Source: fao.org
You can see the structure of the palm fruit, you got the pulp which you can get the oil and the kernel you also can obtain the oil. What I need is only the one with labelled hard shell.


Source: alibaba.com
 Tarra !!! So, we get only palm shell.

 
Our palm shell from factory nearby


 We put on a tray, after washing it with n-hexane


 
And we dried it in the oven for 24 hour


 And then you grind the palm shell into smaller particle.


 Then you sieved it, to get the size that you want

Then, you get your sample ready for carbonization process and activation process


After carbonization and activation process, this is what you will get. Activated carbon


Voila. Now you have activated carbon you can use.

Source: norit-americas.com
If you send to analyze it, you can see the porosity of this activated carbon and for the application

11 comments:

wahhh..the whole project in just 6-7 picture..understandable..

emmm..ni ko jadikan kernel die sbgai tenage ek?
nape kne cuci ngan n-hexane?

Aidil Salleh said...

project ni mmg idea sendiri or dari Dr??
1 project ni bpe org yg kne wat???

uhuuu...xsbr2 menghadapi susah payah ni....hehe...
gud luck bro!!!!

iPai said...

izyan ~ uhuhuh .. yang part carbonization ang activation tuh, aku ringkaskan .. dalam interval tuh, ada byk lagi kene explain ... n lepas analysis tuh, ada lagi kene buat..

Aidil ~ boleh cadang n boleh juga supervisor yang cadangkan. Lagi bagus kalau kita yang cadangkan sebab kita minat apa yang kita buat .. n bila fyp, sorang2 yer .. uhuh

iPai said...

izyan ~ lupa jawab soklan yg satu lg .. maksud ko, tenaga yg datang dari kernel ke ? kernel tuh, leh dapat minyak, itula datangnya minyak masak.

n-hexane tuh, nak sedut saki baki minyak daripada palm shell tuh.. kalo tak buat minyak tuh, reactor boleh tersumbat dan boleh terbakar. Pasai tuh laa ada post aku pasal reactor terbakar

wah..hebat gk project ko ni pai.


aku dlu bt tntg air hujan.pnjg nau tajuk aku.smpai da x brp nk ingt nk sebut.

Anonymous said...

mne u dpt palm shell tu?? susah nye nk carik..i nk buat FYP jugak psl bio-fuel from oil palm shell n plastic waste.. pls help me to get the oil palm shell.. =(

iPai said...

@Anonymous

Pergi kat kilang proses kelapa sawit n mintak kat diorg .. kalau syarikat kecik2, lagi senang mintak rasanya ...

google pore structure...masuk sini...
tak sangka dah Final Year jugak...

projek ak kne buat activated carbon dari kulit buah pinang (areca catechu)!!! haha

Anonymous said...

nak tye, waktu drying tu 24hrs dgn suhu brape ye?

iPai said...

@Mohd Aidil Mohd Salleh

terbaik .. all the best

iPai said...

@Anonymous

Saya tak ingat .. tapi rasanya 100